Garden of Eden

Publications that used data from the Garden of Eden study:

1. Busse, M.D.; Ratcliff, A.W.; Shestak, C.J.; Powers, R.F. 2000. Non‐target effects of glyphosate on soil microbes. In: Proceedings, California Weed Sci. Soc. 52: 146‐150. (pdf)

2. Busse, M.; Rappaport, N.G.; Powers, R.F. 2000. Tolerance of soil organisms to herbicide applications in ponderosa pine plantations: Initial findings. In: Proceedings of the 21st Annual Forest Vegetation Management Conference, January 18‐20, Redding, California, p.33‐38. (pdf)

3. Busse, M.D.; Ratcliff, A.W.; Shestak, C.J.; Powers, R.F. 2001. Glyphosate toxicity and the effects of long‐term vegetation control on soil microbial communities. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 33: 1777‐1789. (pdf)

4. Busse, M.D.; Rappaport, N.G.; Powers, R.F. 2001. Hexazinone effects on soil biota and processes: initial findings. p. 66‐72. In: Cooper, S.L. (comp.) Proceedings, 22nd Ann. Forest Vegetation Management Conf. Univ. California Cooperative Exten., Redding, CA. (pdf)

5. Busse, M.D.; Fiddler, G.O.; Ratcliff, A.W. 2004. Ectomycorrhizal formation in herbicide treated soils of differing clay and organic matter content. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution 152: 23‐34. (pdf)

6. Hayes, J.P.; Schoenholtz, S.H.; Hartley, M.J.; Murphy, G.; Powers, R.F.; Berg, D.; Radosevich, S.R. 2005. Environmental consequences of intensively managed forest plantations in the Pacific Northwest. Journal of Forestry 103 (2): 83‐87. (pdf)

7. Mahoney, R.L.; Powers, R.F. 2005. Silvicultural decisions X: Is there a future for growing and processing timber in the Inland Northwest? Woodland Notes 15 (2): 2, 4 University of Idaho, Moscow. pp. 2, 4.

8. McFarlane, K.J. 2008. Belowground carbon storage and soil organic matter quality following herbicide and fertilizer applications in ponderosa pine plantations along a sitequality gradient in Northern California. Ph.D. Dissertation, Oregon State Univ., 179 p.

9. McFarlane, K.J.; Schoenholtz, S.H.; Powers, R.F. 2009. Plantation management intensity affects belowground carbon and nitrogen storage in Northern California. Soil Science Society of America Journal 73: 1020‐1032. (pdf)

10. McFarlane, K.J.; Schoenholtz, S.H.; Powers, R.F; Perakis, S.S. 2010. Soil organic matter stability in intensively managed ponderosa pine stands in California. Soil Science Society of America Journal 74: 979‐992. (pdf)

11. Powers, R.F.; Ferrell, G.T; Koerber, T.W. 1992. The Garden of Eden experiment: four‐year growth of ponderosa pine plantations. p. 46‐63. In: Proceedings, Thirteenth Annual Forest Vegetation Management Conference. Eureka, CA. January 1992. Forest Vegetation Management Conf., Redding, CA. (pdf)

12. Powers, R.F.; Ferrell, G.T. 1995. Plantation development as constrained by moisture, nutrition, and insects: the “Garden of Eden” study. p. 92‐94. In: Gaskin, R.E.; Zabkiewicz, J.A. (comp.) Proceedings, Second International Conference on Forest Vegetation Management; 20‐24 March, 1995: Rotorua, New Zealand. FRI Bull. 192. Forest Res. Inst., Rotorua, NZ.

13. Powers, R.F; Ferrell, G.T. 1996. Moisture, nutrient, and insect constraints on plantation growth: the “Garden of Eden” experiment. NZ J. For. Sci. 26: 126‐144. (pdf)

14. Powers, R.F.; Ferrell, G.T. 1996. The “Garden of Eden” study revisited. Findings at eight years. p. 8‐31. In: Landram, M. (comp.) Proceedings, Seventeenth Annual Forest Vegetation Management Conference. Redding, CA. January 1996. Forest Vegetation Management Conf., Redding, CA. (pdf)

15. Powers, R.F.; Spear, T. 1997. Weed competition and plantation management: The “Garden of Eden” experiment. p. 118‐130. In: Weed Science. In Search of Excellence. Proc. 49th Ann. Conf. California Weed Sci. Soc., Fremont, CA.

16. Powers, R.F. 1999. On the sustainability productivity of planted forests. New Forests 17: 253‐306. (pdf)

17. Powers, R.F. 1999. The “Garden of Eden” experiment: assessing the potential productivity of planted ponderosa pine. p. 40‐45. In: Ramsay, C. (comp.) Vegetation Management in the Era of Threatened and Endangered Species. Proc. 3rd Ann. PNW‐IVMA Forestry and Rights-of‐Way Conference. Pacific Northwest Integrated Vegetation Management Assoc., Portland, OR.

18. Powers, R.F.; Reynolds, P.E. 1999. Ten‐year responses of ponderosa pine plantations to repeated vegetation and nutrient control along an environmental gradient. Can. J. For. Res. 29: 1027‐1038. (pdf)

19. Powers, R.F. 2000. The role of planted forests in a “green certified” century. p. 1‐17. In: S.L. Cooper (comp.) Reforestation for the New Millennium: Back to Our Roots. Proc. 21st Forest Vegetation Management Conference. Univ. California, Cooperative Extension, Redding, CA. (pdf)

20. Powers, R.F. 2000. Balderston plantation revisited: does vegetation control or fertilization really matter? In: Fiddler, G.O. (comp.) Progress Report 2000. Sierra Cascade Intensive Forest Management Research Cooperative Newsletter Series Rep. No. 1. Univ. California, Davis. p. 9‐15.

21. Powers, R.F.; Reynolds, P.E. 2000. Intensive management of ponderosa pine plantations: sustainable productivity for the 21st century. J. Sustainable Forestry 10 (3/4): 249‐255. (pdf)

22. Powers, R.F. 2001. Chapter 5. Assessing potential sustainable wood yield. p. 105‐128. In: Evans, J. The Forests Handbook. Volume 2. Applying forest science for sustainable management. Blackwell Science Ltd., Oxford, UK. (pdf)

23. Powers, R.F. 2001. Further analyses from Balderston Plantation. In: Fiddler, G.O. (comp.) Progress Report 2001. Sierra Cascade Intensive Forest Management Research Cooperative Series Rep. No. 2. Univ. California, Davis. p. 8‐10. (pdf)

24. Powers, R.F. 2003. World trends in forests, forest use, wood supply. The irony of California forestry. The challenge to our profession. In: Cooper, S.L. (comp.) Proceedings 24th Ann. Forest Vegetation Management Conf. Univ. California Coop. Exten., Redding, CA. p. 1‐16. (pdf)

25. Powers, R.F.; Young, D.H.; Fiddler, G.O.; Spear, T.H. 2005. Balderston plantation revisited: A tale of two sites 25 years after early treatments. p. 61‐72. In: Cooper, S.L. (comp.) Where we’ve been, where we are, and where we’re going. Proc. 25th Forest Vegetation Management Conference. University of California, Shasta County Cooperative Extension, Redding, CA. (pdf)

26. Powers, R.F.; Busse, M.D.; McFarlane, K.J.; Zhang, J.W.; Young, D.H. 2012. Long‐term effects of silviculture on soil carbon storage. Does vegetation control make a difference?  Forestry doi:10.1093/forestry/cps067. (pdf)

27. Reynolds, P.E.; Powers, R.F. 2000. Gas exchange for managed ponderosa pine stands positioned along a climatic gradient. J. Sustainable Forestry 10 (3/4): 257‐265. (pdf)

28. Zhang, J.W.; Powers, R.F.; Skinner, C.N. 2010. To manage or not to manage: The role of silviculture in sequestering carbon in the specter of climate change. In: Jain, T.B.; Graham, R.T.; Sandquist, J. tech. eds. Integrated management of carbon sequestration and biomass utilization opportunities in a changing climate; pp 95‐110. Proceedings of the 2009 National Silviculture Workshop, June 15‐18, 2009; Boise, Idaho. RMRS‐P‐61. (pdf)

29. Zhang, J.W.; Powers, R.F.; Oliver, W.W.; Young, D.H. 2012. Response of ponderosa pine plantations to competing vegetation control in Northern California, USA: A meta‐analysis.  Forestry doi:10.1093/forestry/cps054.  (pdf)

30. Zhang, J.W.; Oliver, W.W.; Powers, R.F. (Ready for submission 2012). Determining the self thinning boundary line for ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa) grown in northern California, USA. Can. J. For. Res.



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